01 مهر 1400
احمد آذري

احمد آذری

مرتبه علمی: دانشیار
نشانی: دانشکده مهندسی نفت، گاز و پتروشیمی - گروه مهندسی شیمی
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی / مهندسی شیمی
تلفن: 07733441913
دانشکده: دانشکده مهندسی نفت، گاز و پتروشیمی

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان COD Removal from Industrial Spent Caustic Wastewater: A Review
نوع پژوهش مقالات در نشریات
کلیدواژه‌ها
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مجله Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering
شناسه DOI
پژوهشگران زهرا علی پور (نفر اول) ، احمد آذری (نفر دوم)

چکیده

Spent caustics contain compounds such as mercaptans, sul?des, and phenols. In addition, spent caustic solutions are highly alkaline and have high chemical oxygen demand. There are di?erent ways to treat caustic waste. This paper for the ?rst time, presents a comparison of a wide range of caustic waste treatment methods in terms of their economic costs and e?ciency. Wet air oxidation, advanced oxidation processes, electrochemical processes, as well as biological and membrane systems are among technologies used to treat spent caustic solutions. This review focuses on the mechanisms and prominent parameters that a?ect the chemical oxygen demand (COD) reduction processes. The membrane process enjoys high e?ciency (80–98 %) and is important because of advantages such as low energy consumption and easy design, compared to other methods. Nevertheless, it is not a?ordable because of the cost of cleaning the membranes and producing waste caused by the chemicals used to cleanse the membranes. The WAO process has high e?ciency (70–96 %) but is not recommend due to severe operating conditions. Production of the Fenton reagent in an electrochemical cell using electricity as an energy source is one of the best options. The use of electricity as a source of energy prevents pollution and increases the process e?ciency (90–99 %).