October 28, 2021

Hosein Eslami

Degree:
Address:
Education:
Phone:
Faculty: Faculty of Nano and Biotechnology

Research

Title Gaussian Charge Distributions for Incorporation of Electrostatic Interactions in Dissipative Particle Dynamics: Application to Self- Assembly of Surfactants
Type Article
Keywords
Journal Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
DOI
Researchers Hosein Eslami (First researcher) ,

Abstract

The point charges are distributed over the soft dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) beads using a Gaussian of tunable width. Screening the Gaussian smeared charge distributions, with wider Gaussians of opposite charge, splits the electrostatic interaction into the real- and the reciprocal-space contributions. This method is validated against model test systems in the literature. The method has also been employed to study self-assembly in solutions of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) in water. The critical micelle concentration (CMC) and the equilibrium concentration of free surfactants, in solutions with SDS concentrations varying from CMC to ?20 times larger than CMC, are in close agreement with experiment. The microscopic structure of the micelles and the distributions of its hydrophobic/hydrophilic groups and counterions at the water interface are in agreement with experiment. The dynamics of monomer exchange between micelles and solution is examined in terms of the intermittent and continuous correlation functions for the fluctuation of micelle size with time. Two discrete relaxation processes, whose relaxation times differ by 2 orders of magnitude are found. Using the natural DPD time unit, defined in terms of thermal velocity, the relaxation times are an order of magnitude shorter than experimental relaxation times for monomer exchange and establishment of equilibrium between surfactants in the solution and micelles through diffusion of surfactants. However, experimentally comparable relaxation times are obtained by defining the DPD time scale such that the calculated diffusion coefficient of water corresponds to its experimental value.