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All-Optical Ternary Stability in Uniform Nonlinear Chalcogenide Fiber Bragg Gratings
Type Article
All-Optical devices, Chalcogenide fiber Bragg grating, Multistabiltiy, Nonlinear optics.
In recent decades, fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) have been very much considered for their many applications in optical communication systems, as well as due to their bistability and multi stability properties. In this paper, the formation of ternary stability (TS) in nonlinear chalcogenide fiber Bragg gratings (NCFBGs) is investigated via numerical simulations. Effective parameters on TS such as the FBG length, input wavelength and nonlinear property (or nonlinearity) on TS formation are introduced and studied. It is found that there exists a minimum length for each third order nonlinear coefficient that TS phenomena can be observed. Also, the threshold intensity for TS formation is calculated with respect to the length, input wavelength and third order nonlinearity. In addition, the relevance between the minimum length for TS formation and the third order nonlinearity in the range of chalcogenide nonlinearities are looked into. It is numerically confirmed that increasing the input wavelength (in a valid FBG input wavelength range) increases the TS formation threshold intensity, while decreases the needed FBG length. Because of using experimental values in this paper, it has valuable information about designing the all-optical device with three - level stability which makes NCFBG a suitable option for all-optical ternary switching and all-optical memory in the integrated optical circuits.
Researchers elham yousefi (First researcher) , Amin Torabi Jahromi (Third researcher) , Sajjad Dehghani (Fourth researcher)