25 تیر 1403
ليلا كرمي

لیلا کرمی

مرتبه علمی: استادیار
نشانی: دانشکده مهندسی کشاورزی - گروه علوم و مهندسی باغبانی
تحصیلات: دکترای تخصصی / زیست شناسی علوم گیاهی
تلفن: 09173767604
دانشکده: دانشکده مهندسی کشاورزی

مشخصات پژوهش

عنوان
بررسی واکنش ارقام مختلف گندم به تنش گرمای طبیعی و محلول پاشی برگی سالیسیلیک اسید
نوع پژوهش پارسا
کلیدواژه‌ها
Wheat, heat stress, salicylic acid, variety
پژوهشگران حبیب الله علوی نژاد (دانشجو) ، محمد مدرسی (استاد راهنما) ، فریبا سهرابی (استاد راهنما) ، لیلا کرمی (استاد مشاور) ، محمدرضا سیاهپوش (استاد مشاور)

چکیده

High temperatures during flowering and grain filling an important factor reducing wheat yields in many parts of the world, including Iran's southern regions respectively. In order to investigate the moderating role of salicylic acid in controlling the negative effects of heat stress on yield, yield components as well as some Morpho- phenological characteristics of wheat, two factorial experiments in 1393 in both normal conditions and heat stress consists of four wheat cultivars Chamran, Kuhdasht , Durum and Dehdasht and different levels of salicylic acid (zero, half and one mM) in a randomized complete block design management research training in the field of Agriculture was jam city. Morpho-phenological traits, leaf proline and total protein were measured. Normality of the data was analyzed. The combined analysis was performed in order to investigate the homogeneity of Bartlett's test pilot errors. Outcome of this experiment showed that heat stress caused a significant decrease phenological traits including days to germination (34%), days to pollination (23%), the number of days to maturity (20%), changes in the morphological characteristics, including reduced plant height (9%), peduncle length (6%), biomass (11%) and grain yield related traits such as ear length (3%), the number of florets (11 percent), the number of tillers (15%) and non-fertile (33%), number of grains per spike (23 percent), grain weight per ear and thousand kernel weight (8%), HI (7%) and yield (16%), respectively. Effect of salicylic acid 5% level was significant in reducing the number of florets (5%), tiller (40 percent), grain yield under normal conditions (6%) and an increase in stress conditions was a day-to-maturity. Therefore, the figure for direct planting in warm areas or use in breeding program to increase heat tolerance is recommended