April 14, 2024
Mohammad Mansouri Moghaddam

Mohammad Mansouri Moghaddam

Academic Rank: Assistant professor
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Degree: Ph.D in International Relations
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Faculty: Faculty of Humanities

Research

Title
German’s espionage and secutity in the north region of : Persian Gulf in (the world wars 1&2)
Type Thesis
Keywords
فعاليت هاي اطلاعاتي و امنيتي آلمان، خليج فارس، جنگ جهاني اول، جنگ جهاني دوم
Researchers hoshang khalili (Student) , Mohmmad Reza Gholizadeh (Primary advisor) , Mohammad Mansouri Moghaddam (Advisor)

Abstract

The present dissertation, Strategies and Analytical Comparison of German Security Intelligence Activities during the First and Second International Wars in Iran, attempts to examine the strategies, plans and operations of intelligence agents and German government agents and agents in Iran. Evaluate and identify the causes of German defeat on the eastern fronts, especially in southern Iran in the first and second wars. According to the findings of this study, in both the first and second wars, the Germans attracted the feelings and emotions of certain sections of the people towards themselves, by relying on religious elements and forces, nationalist, libertarian and patriotic currents, and using power and influence. The Khans, the warriors, and the bravery of the tribes and nomads tried to pit them against the occupying forces and the colonial powers of Russia and Britain, but for various reasons failed in both wars and did not achieve the desired results. The main causes are: The geographical distance between Germany and the eastern fronts such as Iran and India, on the one hand, and the historical backwardness due to lack of work in political efforts in previous periods, put the Germans ahead of their leading rivals such as Britain and Russia in Iran and India. He was in a weaker position. The distance and situation of Germany also caused the German agents in both wars to lose contact with Aqaba in terms of communication, logistics and support, and gradually became isolated and under pressure and siege. As the two main powers with which Germany was involved in World War I, the United Kingdom and Russia both have absolute or relative superiority in various areas, such as extensive influence within the government, and leverage over Iranian officials. , Had full control over effective means of communication such as the telegraph, had access to financing resources and a cohesive banking network, and had control over the right to issue banknotes and dominate water resou