April 14, 2024
Mohammad Mansouri Moghaddam

Mohammad Mansouri Moghaddam

Academic Rank: Assistant professor
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Degree: Ph.D in International Relations
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Faculty: Faculty of Humanities

Research

Title
Political-Strategic Competition of Persian Gulf Countries and its effects on the Lack of Peace، Security and Stability Establishment in Afghanistan (1989-2001)
Type Thesis
Keywords
خليج فارس، افغانستان، صلح و امنيت، منازعه و همكاري، ايران، عربستان سعودي، قطر، امارات متحده عربي، ايالات متحده آمريكا
Researchers Mohammad Mansouri Moghaddam (Primary advisor) , Mohmmad Reza Gholizadeh (Advisor)

Abstract

Afghanistan's internal conflict has been one of the country's main problems in the region. The main purpose of this study is to examine the policies and interests of the Persian Gulf countries and US interests in the region on the lack of peace and security in Afghanistan and their indirect support for militant and terrorist groups. The main question of this study is what causes and factors it has caused insecurity and instability in Afghanistan during the years 2001–1989 despite the liberation of Afghanistan from Soviet colonization, and what has been the role of political interference by the countries of the Persian Gulf in intensifying this process? In answer to this question, a hypothesis has been raised: Since the political situation in Afghanistan has historically been influenced by internal conflicts between ethnic groups for power, as well as issues of religious divisions, it seems that one of the main causes of the lack of peace is security. And stability in Afghanistan during the years 2001-1989. The strategic political rivalries of the countries of the Persian Gulf region, especially Iran, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates, have played a significant role in intensifying these ethnic and religious wars in Afghanistan. Research Method In the present study, the descriptive-analytical method was used to investigate why there was no peace after the withdrawal and defeat of the Soviet Union and the role of the Persian Gulf countries in intensifying this process using written sources and what is real and objective and effects. It will be reflected, analysed and analysed through the media. As a result, it can be said that Afghanistan's internal weaknesses such as scientific poverty, ethnic and religious divisions, sense of superiority and power-seeking rulers paved the way for regional and trans-regional interventions in Afghanistan and attracted their interests. Including the rivalry between Persian-speaking Iran and Shiite religion against Saudi